Culture Ecuador is a multiethnic and multicultural
nation. It has a population of more than 12.6 million. Of these, five and a half
million live in the highlands. Six and a half million of Ecuador´s inhabitants
live on the Pacific coast. The Amazon region is home to more than six hundred
thousand inhabitants and nearly seventeen thousand live in the Galapagos
Islands. More than 14 indigenous groups live on the Ecuadorian mainland,
maintaining their own traditions and their own worldview. more...
Geography Straddling the equator in western South
America, Ecuador has territories in both the Northern and the Southern
hemispheres. It borders Colombia to the north and shares a border with Peru to
the south and to the east. The Pacific Ocean is Ecuador’s western border.
Ecuador is geographically divided into four regions (the Amazon, the Highlands,
the Coast, and the Galapagos Islands) and is politically split into 22
provinces, which, in turn, are split into 205 cantons. more...
History The first phase Ecuador's history began
somewhere between 15,000 and 20,000 BC with the rise of indigenous societies in
what is now Ecuador. These peoples had developed social organizations with their
own beliefs, rites, and ceremonies and an economy based primarily on hunting,
gathering, and agriculture. more...